How to mix mortar? Just 3 Steps

What is Mortar?

Mortar is the mixture of cement, sand and admixture with right amount of water. Mortar is used for plastering of structure, joining brick for wall etc.

Admixture is a chemical used to retard and increase the setting time of mortar. If you have cement, sand and water separately, then you can mix them to get required amount of mortar.

Here, I am going to show you How to mix mortar. Here you can see a pre-mixed mortar. In this mortar you will get pre-mixed ingredient, i.e it’s already got the cement, the lime all in the sand, it’s ready to go all you need to do is add water.

How to mix mortar?

Now, the most important thing while mixing water is to get the consistency.

So, the amount of water you put in mortar is the most important key to getting a good consistent mix through the mortar. So what you will require is the shovel, the mortar mix, and water, and a wheel barrow, or you can also mix mortar on a mud board.

Ratio of Mortar

Mortar may be of different grade due to different ratios of cement in sand. Generally 1:5 or 1:6 ratios of cement and sand is mixed to prepare the mortar. You can take cement:sand ratio according the place of use and grade of mortar required.

So, let us see the procedure step by step. Make sure you have got our safety glasses and gloves on hands.

How to mix mortar?

Step:-1 Put the mortar straight into the wheel barrow. Just be careful not to overflow when placing the mortar directly into the wheel barrow. This pre-mix is very fine because lime and cement have already been mixed into it.

Now, as I have told you the most important part is to not add too much water. If you put too much water in mortar initially, you’ll have to open another bag to add more mortar.

Step:-2 Now mix it througly with the help of tool. So as you can see now we’re starting to get the right consistency for laying bricks.

How to mix mortar?

Add more water when needed. So you can see in this picture below digging through the mortar and it’s most important to make as many grooves as possible so that the water actually flows back into the mix and it cleans it up completely.

If you get it a little bit too wet you can leave it like that for 10 minutes, 15 minutes and it will be fine, but obviously you don’t want to get there and prevention is better than cure.

Step:-3 If you have done mixing concrete what you can do is move this to your mud board, once again if you see less water then you can pour water onto the mud board.

Whenever you’re using pre-mixed mortar, always make sure you take everything out of the barrow and put it on your work area, because if you leave anything in the barrow it will harden, which makes it really very difficult to make the next mix and obviously it becomes hard and lumpy .

All right. Now we’re on our mud board, the most important thing is to pay attention to the consistency of the mortar.

Now, if you see mortar a little bit stiff, or crumbles, you can add water to keep it down, by making a hole in the center of the mortar. Okay, you’re done, if the consistency is perfect, the moratr will be ready to be used to lay the bricks and plaster.

Read Also,

Mortar vs Grout | Characteristics, and Types of Mortar and Grout

Types of Mortar | Based on Density | Based on Materials Used in Mortar

Polymer modified mortars – Type, Function, Advantages, Disadvantages

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"Structural Engineer" with over 5 years of experience in estimation, structural design, and surveying. I am passionate about using my skills to create safe and sustainable structures. I am also a keen writer, and I enjoy sharing my knowledge and experiences with others.

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