Difference between Load bearing structure and Framed structure

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There are two types of structure they are load-bearing structure and framed structure. In this post, you will learn the difference between the load-bearing structure and framed structure in detail. So, I recommend you to read all content without skipping any paragraph.

Simply load-bearing structure is the load is taken by a wall and then directly transfer to the soil. whereas in framed structure the load is taken by beam, the o the column, and at last to the soil through footing or foundation of the structure.

Load Bearing Structure

Difference between load bearing structure and framed structure
No Beam and Column in Load Bearing Structure
  1. Almost all the walls are provided with a shallow or deep foundation.
  2. All load-bearing walls are taken deep into the subsoil for the foundation.
  3. Load-bearing walls are constructed of bricks or stones.
  4. The thickness of load-bearing walls, in any case, is not less than 200mm.
  5. A load-bearing wall when once constructed shall remain in position and should never be dismantled.
  6. Best suited for small residential houses, rural houses, and houses up to three stories.
  7. Plans for different floors remains the same as every wall on the upper floors must be a corresponding wall in continuation.
  8. It requires soil of good bearing capacity like rocks, sandy soil, gravelly soil, etc.
  9. Too many openings for doors, windows, ventilators, etc. are not permissible.
  10. Almost all the walls are load-bearing walls.

Framed Structure

Difference between load bearing structure and framed structure
Framed Structure
  1. All the walls rest on the plinth beam not provided with any footing of foundation.
  2. Only columns are taken deep into the subsoil and are provided with footings.
  3. Columns beam and slabs are constructed of R.C.C.
  4. Only exterior walls are of thickness 200 mm and all interior walls are of thickness 100mm.
  5. The walls of framed structure can be shifted at any place as they are lighter and not load-bearing.
  6. Best suited for multistoried and high rise buildings, commercial complexes, public buildings, etc.
  7. Planning for each floor is independent and free from whatever the planning of the lower floor.
  8. Even in the case of soil with poor bearing capacity, the pile may be driven until hard stratum is reached and R.C.C columns are constructed over them.
  9. There is no such restriction in framed structure.
  10. All the walls are partition walls or screen walls none of the walls is load-bearing.

Difference between load bearing structure and framed structure

Difference between load bearing structure and framed structure
S.NRCC Framed StructureLoad Bearing Structure
UsesIt is Mostly used form of construction.It is Rarely used form of construction.
ConstructionIt is Simple to Construct.It is Cumbersome to construct.
Wall constructionWalls are constructed after the frame is readyThere are no Columns and beams
Thickness of wallThickness of wall remains same with increase in heightThickness of wall increase with increase in height.
Length of wallThere is no limitation on length of wallThere is limitation to construct long walls at a stretch
Flexibility in planning & designPosition of walls can be changed whenever necessary Greater flexibility in planning & designNot possible to alter the position of walls after the construction No flexibility in panning & design
Soil conditionIt can be constructed on any type of soilIt can be constructed on hard strata
Earthquake resistanceIt has Good earthquake resisting power.It has poor earthquake resisting power.
Floor areaWalls are thinner hence more floor area is available for useWalls are thicker hence less floor area available for use
ExcavationIt has Less excavationIt has more excavation
Material requirementLess materials are requiredMore materials are required
Cement & steel quantityConsumes more cement & steelConsumes less cement & steel
Labour requirementLess no. of labours as well as skilled labours are requiredMore no. of labours as well as Skilled & unskilled labours are required
Span areaLarge span area are possibleLarge span area are not possible
HeightThere is no restriction on heightHeight is limited & suitable for 2 to 3 stories only
Speed of constructionIt can be constructed more rapidly.It is Slow & time consuming
Room dimensionFlexibility in changing room dimensionNo possible to change room dimension
Cantilever elementCantilever can be easily providedIt is Difficult to provide cantilever & permitted up to short span only
Additional EnclosureDoes not provide additional enclosureProvides additional enclosure
LifeLife is reduced if not done properlyLife is less affected with the technique of work
Foundation costNo much increase in cost with increase in depth of foundationFoundation cost is more
CostIt is economically for multi-storey buildingIt is economical up to 2storey only
Load transferLoad is transferred to the beam, then column and at last to the soil through footing.The load is transferred to the soil by wall bearing structure

Read Also,

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Advantages and Disadvantages of concrete- Types of Concrete

Minimum clear cover for slab, column, beam, Retaining Structure

Types of Foundation used for different Structure | Shallow and Deep

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