Draw the Shear and Moment diagrams for the beam- With Calculation

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The vertical force acting o the beam or any structure is known as shear force and the turning effect on the structure is known as the bending moment.

The diagram which represents the different effective force on the beam is known as Shear and Moment diagrams. I have given in the example below.

Let us see some numerical example of beam for better understanding.

Also Read, Shear force diagram and Bending Moment diagram for Different Load

Draw the Shear and Moment diagrams for the beam

1) Calculate the shear force and bending moment for the beam subjected to concentrated load as shown in the figure. Also, draw the shear force diagram (SFD) and the bending moment diagram (BMD).

Solution;

Free body diagram of the given figure,

  Taking moment about point B,

           RAy x 4 – 20 x 2 = 0

        4 R­Ay = 40

         RAy = 40/4 = 10 KN

     Sum of vertical force is equal to zero i.e.    Ʃ V = 0

                       RAy + RBy – 20 = 0

                        10 + RBy -20 = 0

                         RBy = 10 KN

Sum of horizontal force is equal to zero i.e. ƩH = 0

RAy + RBy – 20 = 0

                        10 + RBy -20 = 0

                         RBy = 10 KN

Sum of horizontal force is equal to zero i.e. ƩH = 0

                    RAx = 0

Shear force calculation

Shear force at A left (FAL) = 0

Shear force at A right ( FAR) = 10 KN

Shear force at C left (FCL) = 10 KN

Shear force at C right (FCR) = 10 – 20 = -10 KN

Shear force at B left (FBL) = -10 KN

Shear force at right (FBR) = 10 – 10 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

Bending moment calculation

Moment at A (MA) = 0

Moment at C (Mc) = 10 x 2 = 40 KNm

Moment at B (MB) = 10 x 4 – 20 x 2 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

2) Calculate the shear force and bending moment diagram of the beam as shown in the figure. Also draw shear force diagram (SFD) and bending moment diagram (BMD).

Solution;

  Free body diagram of the given figure is given below;

Taking moment about point B , we get

                                      ƩMB = 0

                     RAy x 6 – 10 x 4 – 10 x 2 = 0

                6 RAy = 40 + 20

                 RAy = 60/6 = 10 KN

     Sum of vertical force is equal to zero i.e.    Ʃ V = 0

RAy + RBy – 10 – 10 =0

 10 + RBy -20 = 0

Rby  = 10 KN

Sum of horizontal force is equal to zero i.e. ƩH = 0

RAx = 0

Shear force calculation

Shear force at A left ( FAL ) = 0

Shear force at A right (FAR) = 10 KN

Shear force at C left (FCL) = 10 KN

Shear force at C right (FCR) = 10 – 10 = 0

Shear force at D left ( FDL) = 0

Shear force at D right (FDR) = 0 – 10 = -10 KN

Shear force at B left ( FBL) = -10 KN

Shear force at B right (FBR) = – 10 + 10 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam
Shear force diagram for beam

Bending moment calculation

Moment at A (MA) = 0

Moment at C(MC ) = 10 x 2 = 20 KNm

Moment at D (MD) = 10 x 4 – 10 x 2 = 20 KNm

Moment at B (MB) = 10 x 6 – 10 x 4 – 10 x 2 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam
Moment diagrams for the beam

3) Find the shear force and bending moment of the given figure. Also, calculate shear force diagram and bending moment diagram.

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

Solution;

                       Free body diagram of the given figure is given below;

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

Taking moment about point B, we get

RAyx 5 – 10 x 4 –  5x 2 x 2/2 = 0

5 RAy -50 = 0

RAy = 10 KN

     Sum of vertical force is equal to zero i.e.    Ʃ V = 0

RAy + RBy– 10 – 5 x 2 = 0

10 + RBy – 20 = 0

RBy = 10 KN

Sum of horizontal force is equal to zero i.e. ƩH = 0

RAx = 0

Shear force calculation

Shear force at A left (FAL) = 0

Shear force at A right (FAR) = 10 KN

Shear force at C left (FCL) = 10 KN

Shear force at C right (F­CR) = 10 -10 = 0

Shear force at D left (FDL) = 0

Shear force at D right (FDR) = 0

Let, x be the distance from point D.

Shear force at (x = 1) = 0 – 5 x 1 = -5 KN

Shear force at (x = 2 ) left = -5 x 2 = -10 KN

Shear force at B right (FBR) =-10 + 10 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

Bending moment calculation

Moment at A = 0

Moment at C = 10 x 1 = 10 KNm

Moment at D = 10 x 3 – 10 x 2 = 10 KNm

Moment at B = 10 x 5 – 10 x 4 – 5 x 2 x2/2 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

4) Calculate the bending moment and shear force of the given beam. Also draw shear force diagram and bending moment diagram.

Solution,

                           Free body diagram of the given figure is given below;

Taking moment about point B, we get

                    ƩMB = 0

RAy x 4 – 10 x 4 x 4/2 = 0

4  RAy – 80 = 0

 RAy = 80/4 = 20 KN

     Sum of vertical force is equal to zero i.e.    Ʃ V = 0

RAy + RBy -10 x 4 = 0

20 + RBy – 40 = 0

 RBy = 20 KN

Sum of horizontal force is equal to zero i.e. ƩH = 0

RAx = 0

Shear force calculation

Let, x be the distance from point A.

Shear force at A left ( FAL) = 0

Shear force at A right ( FAR) = 20 KN

Shear force at (x =1 ) = 20 – 10 x 1 = 10 KN

Shear force at (x = 2 m) = 20 – 10 x 2 = 0

Shear force at ( x = 3 ) = 20 – 10 x 3 = – 10 KN

Shear force at B left ( FBL) = 20 – 10 x 4 = -20 KN

Shear force at B right (FBR) = -20 +20 = 0

draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam

Bending moment calculation

 Moment at A ( MA) = 0

Moment at (x = 1) = 20 x 1 – 10 x 1 x ½ = 15 KNm

Moment at (x = 2 ) = 20 x 2 – 10 x 2 x 2/2 = 20 KNm

Moment at (x = 3) = 20 x 3 – 10 x 3 x 3/2 = 15 KNm

Moment at B (MB) = 20 x 4 – 10 x 4 x 4/2 = 0

In this way we can Draw the Shear and Moment diagrams for the beam.

Read Also,

Point of contraflexure – Zero bending moment at a section of Beam

Moment of inertia formula | Definition for moment of inertia

Shear Force Diagram and Bending Moment Diagram

Kinematic indeterminacy and Static indeterminacy – Beam, Frame etc

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